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Referencing - OSCOLA

Reference List / Bibliography

The information presented in the footnote is the same as in the reference list except for the author's name:


Elizabeth Fisher, Risk Regulation and Administrative Constitutionalism (Hart Publishing 2007).

Reference list: 

Fisher E, Risk Regulation and Administrative Constitutionalism (Hart Publishing 2007)


You may not need a bibliography - ask your lecturer.  If you are asked to create a bibliography for an undergraduate assignment, this usually goes at the end of your paper.  The bibliography lists all of the sources used in your work. Each source only needs to be listed once, even if you have referred to it multiple times.  

Usually, the bibliography is divided into three sections: Cases, Legislation and Secondary Sources

  • Cases - List the cases alphabetically in order of the first significant word.  Do not italicise case names. You should list the cases alphabetically in order of the first significant word. The exception to this is cases where R is the first party, in which case you should list them under the second name. 

  •  Legislation - Include every statute listed in your work, along with the section numbers. Legislation is listed in alphabetical order. Statutory Instruments are listed separately, after Statutes.

  • Secondary Sources - List all secondary sources in one list, alphabetically by author surname.  If citing more than one work by the same author, list the author’s works in chronological order (oldest first), and in alphabetical order of the first major word of the title within a single year.  For unattributed works with no author, list these at the beginning of the reference list, in alphabetical order by first major word of the title.

Post-graduate dissertations:

The Table of Cases, Table of Legislation and any other primary sources are listed at the beginning of your paper, in this order:  table of cases; table of legislation; other tables. See p. 10 of the OSCOLA guide.