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Referencing - OSCOLA

Webpages and newspaper articles

Where there is no relevant advice elsewhere in OSCOLA, follow the general rule for secondary sources.

If there is no author identified, and it is appropriate to cite an anonymous source, begin the citation with the title. If there is no date of publication on the website, give only the date of access.

In the URL, include 'http://' only if the web address does not begin with 'www'.


Sarah Cole, ‘Virtual Friend Fires Employee’ (Naked Law, 1 May 2009) <> accessed 19 November 2009 

 Liz Trinder and others, 'Finding Fault? Divorce Law and Practice in England and Wales' (Nuffield Foundation, 2017) <> accessed 20 July 2020.

Newspaper articles

Give the author, the title, the name of the newspaper in italics and then in brackets the city of publication and the date. Some newspapers have ‘The’ in the title and some do not. If known, give the number of the page on which the article was published, after the brackets. If the newspaper is divided into sections, and the page numbering begins afresh in each section, put the section name in roman before the page number, with a space but no comma between the two. If the reference is to an editorial, cite the author as ‘Editorial’. If the article is sourced from the web and there is no page number available, provide the web address and date of access.

Jane Croft, ‘Supreme Court Warns on Quality’ Financial Times (London, 1 July 2010) 3

Ian Loader, ‘The Great Victim of this Get Tough Hyperactivity is Labour’ The Guardian (19 June 2008) <> accessed 19 November 2009